Airports and Flight Information:
There are numerous airports in Cyprus, some in North Cyprus
and some in Greek side of Cyprus. The main ones in South Cyprus
are Larnaka and Paphos airports. You can check the weather
for Larnaka airport here,
and the weather for Paphos airport here.
You can fly to South Cyprus into Larnaka airport or Paphos
airport and freely cross the border from the South to North
Cyprus any time of the day. The drive from Larnaka airport
usually takes about 45 minutes to the border, and Kyrenia
is located only 20 minutes away. Paphos airport is about two
hours drive from the border. There are plenty of airlines
flying to South Cyprus. Your travel agent will assist you
with the booking procedures. If you are traveling from the
EU, no visa is required since Cyprus is a member state.
Alternatively, there are two major airports in North Cyprus;
namely ERCAN and Gecitkale airport. You can check for the
weather of Ercan Airport here.
There are numerous airlines flying to Ercan airport. Turkish
Airlines, Cyprus Turkish
Airlines, TWI Airlines are some of the airlines servicing
the airport. The links to Turkish Airlines and Cyprus Turkish
Airlines are provided.
People who wish to travel to North Cyprus usually have two
1. Direct Flight in to South Cyprus
If you decide to take a direct flight frfom Europe in to Cyprus,
you have the option of flying in to South Cyprus (Larnaka
or Paphos Airports) and then crossing the border from South
Cyprus in to North Cyprus. Flight duration from England is
approximately four and a half hours and you can arrange with
your Travel Agent which airport from England to fly from.
If you are flying from other countries in Europe, flight time
is usually shorter. Other countries, such as Russia, also
have direct flights in to South Cyprus. Crossing the border
is very simple and it only takes a few minutes.
2. Fly to North Cyprus
Flying to North Cyprus is only via Turkey with either a transit
flight or by arranging a connecting flight from Istanbul,
Izmir or Antalya in Turkey. Turkish Airlines have daily flights
from Istanbul and Cyprus Turkish Airlines have daily flights
from Istanbul, Antalya, Izmir, Ankara, United Kingdom, and
Germany. The flight duration, as opposed to a direct flight
in to South Cyprus only varies by approximately 30 minutes.
Ercan Airport is the main airport used for these flights and
the international code for the airport is ECN. The airport
is only 25 minutes away from Kyrenia, 10 minutes from Nicosia,
30 minutes from Famagusta.
Your travel agent should have all the information on arranging
your flight in to North Cyprus or South Cyprus. Both destinations
are very popular among holiday makers.
Its neighbouring lands at the nearest coastal points are Turkey
40 miles north, Syria 60 miles east, Lebanon 108 miles south-east,
Israel 180 miles south-east and Egypt 230 miles south. Cyprus
is the third largest island in the Mediterranean. It is smaller
than Sicily and Sardinia and larger than Corsica and Crete.
The area of the whole island is 3584 sq. Miles. (9250kilometers)
Northern Cyprus has four major towns, the capital being Lefkosa
(Nicosia), which serves as the main administration and business
centre. The other main towns Magosa (Famagusta), the country's
principal port; Girne (Kyrenia), the main tourist centre well
known for its ancient harbour, and Guzelyurt the centre of
the citrus fruit industry.
The British interest in the island dates back to the 12th
century and has remained until present day with many British
ways being adopted by the government of the Northern Cyprus.
Therefore, the British are genuinely welcomed and the transition
could not be easier, as English is widely spoken and driving
being on the left hand side of the road.
The climate of the island is an eastern Mediterranean type
with long, hot summers and relatively cool, short winters.
There are over 320 days of sunshine a year, the sea temperature
is rarely below 16°C and rises to 28-30°C during summer months,
making Northern Cyprus one of the healthiest places in the
world in which to live.
Turkish is the official. Language and English is the second
language, and is widely used and understood in official and
commercial circles. There are several first-class Turkish
language teachers available, and some British residents avail
themselves of their services.
Local time is two hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
There is an extensive range of consumer goods and services
available throughout the island. Many of the popular imported
brand names are readily available and can be found in local
supermarkets. Fresh local produce can be purchased from a
wide variety of markets and small stores and there is wide
range of wines and spirits at very low costs: retailing at
approximately. VAT (KDV) is levied on most goods and services
with rates ranging from 20% down to 2%.
The Turkish Lira (TL), which has been in circulation since
1974, is the legal tender. The official rates for the TL are
adjusted daily according to changes in international monetary
markets. Generally speaking, all foreign currencies are acceptable
at trading/tourist outlets.
Northern Cyprus offers a well organised banking system, with
all banking facilities catered for. Some banks operate their
own branches in London and others have arrangements with major
UK banks HSBC has a full service presence here. A deposit
account can be opened with ease in Sterling or any other major
currency and funds can be drawn in that denomination or in
Turkish Lira (TL), which is the local currency.
Foreign investment is actively encouraged, and those willing
to invest in North Cyprus can be sure of a positive Government
1. Leasing of land for extended periods at favourable
2. Import duty exemptions for goods concerning the
3. Government contribution to charter risk.
4. Contribution to brochure/advertisement expenditure
up to 75%.
5. Exemption from income tax and corporation tax for
a period of ten years in the case of investment in tourist
6. For public companies which have shareholders in
excess of 50, tax exemption can be extended.
7. Annual interest and principal instalments of foreign
loans enjoy a transfer guarantee.
8. Tourism establishments or hotels may deduct each
year 20% of their annual foreign exchange gross earnings from
9. Free transfer of proceeds in case of liquidity of
10. Repatriation of profits without restriction or
11. Employment of foreign personnel who are not available
12. Transfer of net income earned by foreign personnel
13. Exemption of constriction licence fee.
14. Also deductible when calculating annual taxable
profit are all travel expenses related to promotion and marketing,
plus all kinds of advertisement, promotion and marketing expenses.
With reference to the registration of a company, the legal
form widely used for business undertakings in the TRNC, both
by foreign investors and by local businessmen, is the private
limited company. The provisions concerning the limited company
are set out in the Company's Law, Cap 113, which is almost
identical with the UK's Company Act of 1948.
Permission is obtained from the Council of Ministers for
foreign ownership of TRNC registered companies, usually within
two or three months of application. The foreign ownership
can be from 49% to 100%.
A business permit is also required, which may be obtained
from the Immigration Office.
Visas, Permits and Licences:
The TRNC is encouraging a policy of attracting foreigners
to come and live and work in N Cyprus - in particular, to
invest in businesses, especially within the tourism sector.
This, of course, opens up a multitude of trades and businesses,
from travel agencies, transport companies (whether land, sea
or air), hotels, bars, restaurants, holiday villages, touristic
related services such as water sports, recreational land sports
such as tennis, golf, horse riding etc.
A foreigner coming to N. Cyprus to live and/or work must
apply for the following permits; firstly, a temporary visitors
permit from Nicosia, which involves the completion of a form
and the supply of three or four passport size photographs.
A full permanent residents permit is not usually issued until
the recipient has been in residence in the TRNC for five years.
If you wish to operate a business in TRNC, the following
procedure must be adhered to:
If you are to form a limited company, then you instruct an
accountant to make the necessary applications on your behalf
to the Council of Ministers, outlining the trading intentions
of the company, share capital, directors etc. The formation
of the company is obviously viewed more favourably if it has
some Turkish Cypriot involvement, but it is quite possible
to form a company with 100% British or foreign ownership.
A further application has to be made to the Immigration Department
for an annually renewable business or employment permit, which
is given once the Council of Ministers has given their approval.
You must also have a medical examination for clearance of
TB and AIDS.
Finally, you register yourself and your company with Social
Security for health insurance payments, the tax authorities,
and the provident fund.
Once all this has been done, you may commence trading.
For retired persons, the residents permit is all that is required.
Retired persons may bring into the country a full household
of furniture. These are virtually tax-free - a nominal 2 -
3% tax is levied.
General education standards in the TRNC are of a very high
standard and are borne out by the fact that there are four
universities based in Northern Cyprus. The majority of schools
offer bilingual education starting with kindergarten through
secondary school and finally university.
The cost of medical treatment in the local hospitals is lower
than comparative care in the UK depending of course on the
type of treatment required. Accident and emergency facilities
are available at local hospitals. It is recommended that you
seek a local GP, many of whom have had UK experience, for
many minor ailments. Private health care is also available
through a number of international medical insurance companies
if required. Dental treatment is of a high standard and charges
As in the UK, traffic circulation is on the left. Road signs
are international. There is a large selection of car hire
companies with a variety of vehicles at favourable rates,
from £10 per day in the winter to £15+ in the peak season.
There is no acute unemployment problem in the TRNC, and the
number of registered unemployed has declined steadily since
1978. The official working week is 40 hours in the winter
and 36 in the summer.
The TRNC is a secular state with a predominantly Muslim population
which welcomes Christian communities. The Anglican Church
of St. Andrew's, Kyrenia is conveniently located near the
town centre and services are held on Sundays and Thursdays.
All Christian communities are welcome. The Roman Catholic
Church of Terra Santa is also based in the centre of Kyrenia
with mass being celebrated on the 1st and 3rd Sundays of each
month. Other Christian churches are located in Famagusta and
Other Useful Information:
The supply is 220/240v AC 50HZ, with a standard UK 3-pin plug.
Water: By mains supply and in some cases supplemented by wells.
There has been a shortage of water in the past; however, the
government has taken major steps to rectify the situation.
International telecommunication facilities are a rapidly growing
sector of the economy. The company responsible for all telecommunication
also provides telex, fax, telegram transmission and ISDN/e-mail
facilities. When making international calls the cheap rates
are from 20:00 to 08:00 hrs. Monday -Friday and all hours
over the weekend. To dial from TRNC to UK dial 00 44 and omit
the first 0 of the UK code. To dial from UK to TRNC dial 00
90 392 then the area code, followed by the number required.